PRINCE2, 7 Principles, 7 Themes, 7 Processes

PRINCE2 is a process-based approach for project management, based on 7 principles, 7 themes and 7 processes.

7 Principles

  1. Business justification
    A PRINCE2 project must have continued business justification
  2. Learn from experience
    Lessons are sought, recorded and acted upon throughout the life of the project
  3. Roles and Responsibilities
    Defined roles and responsibilities which are agreed with those involved
  4. Manage by Stages
    Planned, monitored and controlled in stages.
  5. Manage by exception
    Defined tolerances for each objective and the limits of authority.
  6. Focus on products
    Delivery of defined products and quality.
  7. Tailor to suit the environment
    Tailored to suit the project’s size, environment, complexity, importance, capability and risks.

7 Themes

  1. Business Case
    The objective of a Business Case is to decide if the project is (and remains) desirable, viable and achievable. In short should we continue ?
  2. Organization
    Define and establish the project’s structure of accountability and responsibilities..
  3. Quality
    Are the products fit for purpose ?
  4.  Risk
    Identify, assess and control uncertainty.
  5. Planning
    Where, how, who, when, how much?
  6. Change
    Identify, assess and control potential and approved changes to the base-lined objectives.
  7. Progress
    Monitor and evaluate actual achievements with the planned achievements

7 Processes

  1. Starting Up a Project
  2. Initiating a Project
  3. Directing a Project
  4. Controlling a Stage
  5. Managing Product Delivery
  6. Managing Stage Boundaries
  7. Closing a Project